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C.V.

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Present Positions

  • Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution
  • Senior Fellow, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI), Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law, Stanford University
  • Professor by Courtesy of Political Science and Sociology, Stanford University
  • Co-editor, Journal of Democracy
  • Senior Consultant, International Forum for Democratic Studies, National Endowment for Democracy

Previous positions and fellowships

  • Assistant Professor of Sociology, Vanderbilt University, 1980-85.
  • Public Policy Fellow, Institute for Contemporary Studies, 1979-80.
  • Founding co-director, International Forum for Democratic Studies (1994-2009)

Education

Ph.D., Sociology, Stanford University, 1980

M.A., Food Research Institute, Stanford University, 1978

B.A., Political Organization and Behavior, Stanford, 1974

Research Interests

  • Comparative problems of democratic development and consolidation
  • U.S. and international policies to support democracy and economic development
  • Public attitudes and values toward democracy in new democracies
  • Democratic transitions and prospects in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East
  • Democratic reform in the United States
  • Social Media and Digital Policy

Books and monographs

Ill Winds: Saving Democracy from Russian Rage, Chinese Ambition, and American Complacency (New York: Penguin, 2019; paperback, 2020).

In Search of Democracy (London: Routledge, 2016).

The Spirit of Democracy: The Struggle to Build Free Societies Throughout the World (New York: Times Books, 2008).

Squandered Victory: The American Occupation and the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq (New York, Times Books 2005; paperback, 2006).

Developing Democracy: Toward Consolidation (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999).

Promoting Democracy in the 1990s: Actors and Instruments, Issues and Imperatives (New York: Carnegie Corporation of New York, December 1995).

 

Class, Ethnicity and Democracy in Nigeria: The Failure of the First Republic (London: The Macmillan Press, and Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1988).

Edited books

China's Influence & American Interests, edited with Orville Schell (Hoover Institution Press, 2019)

Authoritarianism Goes Global: The Challenge to Democracy, edited with Marc F. Plattner and Christopher Walker (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2016).

Taiwan’s Democracy Challenged: The Chen Shui-bian Years, edited with Yun-han Chu and Kharis Templeman (Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2016).

Democracy in Decline? Edited with Marc F. Plattner. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2015).

Politics and Culture in Contemporary Iran: Challenging the Status Quo, edited with Abbas Milani (Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2015).

Democratization and Authoritarianism in the Arab World, edited with Marc F. Plattner, (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014).

Clientelism, Social Policy and the Quality of Democracy, edited with Diego Abente Brun (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014).

New Challenges for Maturing Democracies in Korea and Taiwan, edited with Gi-Wook Shin (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2014).

Will China Democratize? edited with Andrew J Nathan and Marc F. Plattner (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013).

Democracy in East Asia, edited with Marc F. Plattner and Yun-han Chu (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013).

Liberation Technology: Social Media and the Struggle for Democracy, edited with Marc F. Plattner (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012).

Poverty, Inequality, and Democracy, edited with Francis Fukuyama and Marc F. Plattner (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012).

Debates on Democratization, edited with Marc F. Plattner (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010).

Democratization in Africa, edited with Marc F. Plattner (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010).

Democracy: A Reader, edited with Marc F. Plattner (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009).

Latin America’s Struggle for Democracy, edited with Marc F. Plattner and Diego Abente (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008).

How People View Democracy, edited with Marc F. Plattner (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008).

How East Asians View Democracy, edited with Yun-han Chu, Andrew Nathan, and Doh Chull Shin (New York: Columbia University Press, 2008).

Political Change in China: Comparisons with Taiwan, edited with Bruce Gilley (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2008).

The State of India’s Democracy, edited with Sumit Ganguly and Marc F. Plattner (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007).

Electoral Systems and Democracy, edited with Marc F. Plattner (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006).

Assessing the Quality of Democracy, edited with Leonardo Morlino (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005).

World Religions and Democracy, edited with Marc F. Plattner and Philip J. Costopoulos (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005).

Nigeria’s Struggle for Democracy and Good Governance: A Festschrift for Oyeleye Oyediran (edited with Adigun A. B. Agbaje and Ebere Onwuiwe (Ibadan, Ibadan University Press 2004).

Islam and Democracy in the Middle East, edited with Marc F. Plattner and Daniel Brumberg (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003).

Democracy after Communism, edited with Marc F. Plattner (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002).

Political Parties and Democracy, edited with Richard Gunther (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001).

The Global Divergence of Democracies, edited with Marc F. Plattner (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001).

Elections and Democracy in Greater China, edited with Ramon H. Myers (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).

Consolidating Democracy in South Korea, edited with Byung-Kook Kim (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2000).

Institutional Reform and Democratic Consolidation in Korea, edited with Doh Chull Shin (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 2000).

Democracy in Developing Countries: Latin America, 2nd. Ed, with Jonathan Hartlyn, Juan Linz, and Seymour Martin Lipset (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1999).

Democratization in Africa, edited with Marc F. Plattner (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, September 1999).

The Self-Restraining State: Power and Accountability in New Democracies, edited with Andreas Schedler and Marc F. Plattner (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1999).

Democracy in East Asia, edited with Marc F. Plattner (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998).

Consolidating the Third-Wave Democracies (two volumes), edited with Marc F. Plattner, Hung-mao Tien, and Yun-han Chu (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997).

Transition without End: Nigerian Politics and Civil Society under Babangida, edited with Anthony Kirk-Greene and Oyeleye Oyediran (Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1997; and Ibadan, Nigeria, Vantage Publishers, 1997)

Civil-Military Relations and Democracy, edited with Marc F. Plattner. (Baltimore:  Johns Hopkins University Press, October 1996).

The Global Resurgence of Democracy, edited with Marc F. Plattner, 2nd edition.  (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, August 1996). First edition published in 1993.

Politics in Developing Countries: Comparing Experiences with Democracy, 2nd ed., edited with Juan J. Linz and Seymour Martin Lipset (Boulder, CO:  Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1995).

Economic Reform and Democracy, edited with Marc F. Plattner (Baltimore:  Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995).

Nationalism, Ethnic, Conflict and Democracy, edited with Marc F. Plattner (Baltimore:  Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994).

Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy, edited with Marc F. Plattner (Baltimore:  Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993).

Israeli Democracy under Stress, edited with Ehud Sprinzak (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1993).

Political Culture and Democracy in Developing Countries (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1993; paperback edition, 1994).

Reexamining Democracy: Essays in Honor of Seymour Martin Lipset, edited with Gary Marks (published initially in abbreviated form as a special issue of the American Behavioral Scientist, March/June 1992).

The Democratic Revolution: Struggles for Freedom and Pluralism in the Developing World (New York: Freedom House, 1992).

Politics in Developing Countries: Comparing Experiences with Democracy, edited with Juan J. Linz and Seymour Martin Lipset (Boulder, CO:  Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1990).

Democracy in Developing Countries: Latin America, edited with Juan J. Linz and Seymour Martin Lipset (Boulder, CO:  Lynne Rienner Publishers, and  London: Adamantine Press, 1989).

Democracy in Developing Countries: Asia, edited with Juan J. Linz and Seymour Martin Lipset (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, London: Adamantine Press, and New Delhi: Vistaar Publications, 1989).

Democracy in Developing Countries: Africa, edited with Juan J. Linz and Seymour Martin Lipset (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, London: Adamantine Press, 1988).

Policy Reports

Securing American Elections: Prescriptions for Enhancing the Integrity and Independence of the 2020 U.S. Presidential Election and Beyond (Stanford Cyber Policy Center, 2019)

China's Influence & American Interests: Promoting Constructive Vigilance, edited with Orville Schell (Hoover Institution Press, 2019)

In Support of Arab Democracy (Council on Foreign Relations Press, 2005)

Foreign Aid in the National Interest (U.S. Agency for International Development, 2002)

Promoting Democracy in the 1990s: Actors and Instruments, Issues and Imperatives (Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, 1995)

Articles, essays, and book chapters

 

WORKING PAPERS

Op-Eds and other recent articles

Recent conference papers, speeches, and presentations

  • “Is There a Global Crisis of Liberal Democracy,” lecture to the Fair Winds Foundation, and the Taiwan Democracy Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan; King Prajadhipok’s Institute, Chulalongkoran University, and the National Institute of Development Administration, Bangkok, Thailand, August 2018
  • “Are People Losing Faith in Democracy?” Presentation to Stanford Family Weekend, February 24, 2018
  • Defending Liberal Democracy from the Slide Toward Authoritarianism,” Keynote Speech to the European Democracy Conference 2017, Bratislava, November 21, 2017, Sponsored by the Institute of Public Affairs and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation
  • “Is There a Crisis of Liberal Democracy,” Lecture to the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, November 30, 2017
  • When is Populism a Threat to Democracy?” Presentation to the Stanford FSI Conference on Global Populisms, November 3, 2017
  • Prospects for Democracy and Democratization in Chinese Societies,” Keynote Address to 59th Annual Conference of the American Association for Chinese Studies, Walker Institute, University of South Carolina, October 21, 2017
  • “Concluding Remarks: Call to Action,” 9th Ministerial of the Community of Democracies, Department of State, Washington, D.C., September 15, 2017
  • “The Crisis of Democracy: Key Trends, Causes, and Policy Responses,” Lecture to the Korea Foundation for Advanced Studies, August 8, 2017
  • Defending the Western Tradition of Liberty Under Law,” Estoril Political Forum, Estoril, Portugal, June 26, 2017
  • “Is the World Facing a Democratic Recession,” Instituto Atuãcao, Curitiba, Brazil, May 9, 2017. (and University of São Paulo, Brazil, May 11, 2017)
  • “The Global Democratic Recession,” Lecture to Fudan University, Shanghai, China, April 24, 2017
  • “Indonesia’s Place in Global Democracy,” presented to the “Indonesia Update” conference, Australian National University, Canberra, October 9-10, 2009
  • “The Future of Democracy and U.S. Foreign Policy,” presented to the Hudson Institute-Pew Charitable Trusts “Briefings on Democracy,” December 10, 2008
  • “Teaching Outside the Classroom: Making a Difference in Students’ Lives,”
  • Lecture to the Center for Teaching and Learning, Stanford University, October 31, 2007
  • “Promoting Democracy to Undermine Radical Islamist Terrorism,” prepared for the Solarium II Project” of the Center for a New American Security, Meeting 1, October 23, 2007
  • “Prospects for Democratization in Hong Kong: A Comparative Perspective.”
  • Prepared for the Conference “Hong Kong on the Move: American and Hong Kong Perspectives on the First Ten Years of the HKSAR,” Center for Strategic and International Studies and Hong Kong Washington Economic and Trade Office, October 22, 2007, Washington, D.C.
  • “Building Trust in Government by Improving Governance,” Presented to the 7th Global Forum on Reinventing Government:  “Building Trust in Government” Sponsored by the United Nations, Vienna, June 27, 2007
  • Remarks To the National Endowment for Democracy Panel, “The Legacy of Westminster: Democracy Assistance since the Founding of NED and the Challenges Ahead,” Library of Congress, June 7, 2007
  • “Why Taiwan’s Democracy Matters, For Taiwan and for All of Asia,”
  • Keynote Address to 2007 West Coast Conference of the Intercollegiate Taiwanese American Students Association, April 14, 2007
  • “Institutional Options for Democratic Development in Hong Kong,” Lecture to the Savantas Institute, Hong Kong, September 19, 2006
  • “Can Iraq Become a Democracy? Can Iraq Avoid Civil War?” Paper for the International Studies Association Meeting. San Diego, March 23, 2006
  • “What went Wrong in Iraq, and Prospects for Democracy and Stability” presented to the UCLA International Institute, February 3, 2006, Los Angeles, California 
  • “Promoting Democracy in Post-Conflict and Failed States:  Lessons and Challenges,” Prepared for the National Policy Forum on Terrorism, Security, and America’s Purpose, September 6-7, 2005, Washington, DC, co-sponsored by the New America Foundation the Democracy Coalition Project
  • “Democracy, Development and Good Governance: The Inseparable Links” Annual Democracy and Governance Lecture. Presented at the Center for Democratic Development, British Council Hall, Accra, Ghana, March 1, 2005
  • “Moving Up Out of Poverty: What Does Democracy Have to Do with It?” presented to the World Bank Workshop, “Moving Out of Poverty: Growth and Freedom from the Bottom Up” July 15-17, 2003, Washington, D.C.  
  • “Building a System of Comprehensive Accountability to Control Corruption.”  Presented to the Seminar on Democratic Consolidation: The International Context and the Mexican Experience, Federal Electoral Institute of Mexico, Mexico City, Feb. 18-20, 2003
  • “What Civil Society Can Do To Reform, Deepen, and Improve Democracy.” Presented to the Workshop on “Civil Society, Social Capital, and Civic Engagement in Japan and the United States,” Sponsored by the Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership, The Asia Foundation, and the program on U.S. Japan Relations at Harvard University, June 12-13, 2001, Tokyo
  • “Civic Communities and Predatory Societies,” Delivered to the conference “Culture Matters: A Forum for Business, Education and Training Professionals,” Intercultural Management Institute, American University, Washington, D.C. May 10, 2001
  • “How Democratic is Taiwan? Five Key Challenges for Democratic Development and Consolidation.” Paper for the Symposium on “The Transition from One-Party Rule: Taiwan’s New Government and Cross-Strait Relations,” Columbia University, April 6-7, 2001
  • “How People View Democracy: Findings from Public Opinion Surveys in Four Regions,” presentation to the IIS Democratization Seminar, Stanford University, January 11, 2001
  • “Democracy Promotion for the Long Haul,” Remarks by Larry Diamond to the AID Partners Conference, November 30, 2000
  • “Growth and Equivocation in Democratic Values: Taiwan and Korea in Comparative Perspective,” with Yun-han Chu and Doh Chull Shin.  Paper presented to the 2000 annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, D.C., August 31-September 3
  • “Anatomy of a Political Earthquake: How the KMT Lost—and the DPP Won—the 2000 Presidential Election in Taiwan.”  Paper presented to the conference on “Taiwan’s Presidential Election: Outcome and Implications,” August 21-22, 2000, East-West Center, Honolulu
  • “Politics, Society and Democracy in Latin America,” presented to the 1998 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, September 3-6
  • “Cross-Strait Relations in the Wake of the Summit,” presented to the Hoover Institution “U.S. and World Affairs Seminar,” January 8, 1998
  • “The End of the Third Wave and the Beginning of the Fourth,” presented to  lecture series on “The Democratic Invention” of the Mario Soares Foundation, Lisbon, Portugal, June 18, 1997
  • “Cultivating Democratic Citizenship: Education for a New Century of Democracy in the Americas,” presented to the Civitas Panamericano Conference, “Education for Democracy,” Buenos Aires, September 29-October 2, 1996
  • "Some Democratic Lessons in the 'Asian Values' Debate."  Paper presented to the Annual Meeting of the Association for Asian Studies, Honolulu, Hawaii, April 12, 1996
  • "Taiwan's Future Role in the World," remarks to the US-Taiwan Policy Consultation, sponsored by the Carnegie Council for International Peace and the Institute for National Policy Research, New York, December 10, 1994
  • "Controlling Violent Conflict in the Post-Cold War World," presented to the International Press Institute Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, February 16, 1994

Awards, Grants, and Fellowships

  • Kenneth M. Cuthbertson Award for Exceptional Service to Stanford University, June 2016
  • Richard W. Lyman Award for service to the Stanford Alumni Association, January 2014
  • Dinkelspiel Award for Distinctive Contributions to Undergraduate Education, Stanford University, June 2007
  • “Teacher of the Year Award,” Associated Students of Stanford University, May 2007
  • Research Grant, Chiang Ching-Kuo Foundation, “Consolidating Democracy in Taiwan,” 1999-2000
  • POSCO Visiting Fellow, East-West Center, Honolulu (August 1999)
  • Study on democratic consolidation in Taiwan, from the National Science Council of Taiwan, while in residence at the Sun Yat-sen Institute of Social Sciences and Philosophy, Academia Sinica, 1997-98
  • "Economy, Society, and Democracy," grant from the Agency for International Development, September 14, 1990 - March 13, 1993  (Principal Investigator)
  • "Project on Democracy in Developing Countries," grant from the Agency for International Development, September 1, 1987 - March 1, 1989 (Principal Investigator)
  • "Democracy in Developing Countries," grant from the MacArthur Foundation to the Hoover¬ Institution, 1987-90 (with Alex Inkeles, Seymour Martin Lipset, Ramon Myers, Alvin Rabushka and Robert Wesson)
  • Research Grant (for 1984-1987), National Endowment for Democracy, to finance a comparative study of democratic experiences in the Third World.  (With Seymour Martin Lipset and Juan Linz)
  • Fulbright Teaching Fellowship, 1982-83:  Visiting Lecturer in Sociology at Bayero University, Kano

Recent courses taught

Professional and public service

  • Principal Investigator, Global Digital Policy Incubator, CDDRL, 2017-
  • Principal Investigator, Arab Reform & Democracy Program, CDDRL, 2010-
  • Principal Investigator, Taiwan Democracy Program, CDDRL, 2006-2017
  • Faculty Co-Director, Haas Center for Public Service, Stanford, 2010-2016
  • Director, CDDRL, Freeman Spogli Institute (FSI), Stanford, 2009-2015            
  • Coordinator, Democracy Program, Center for Democracy, Development, & the Rule of Law (CDDRL) 2002-2009
  • Member, Board of Directors, Voices of a Democratic Egypt, 2008-
  • Member, Board of Directors, Council for a Community of Democracies, 2006-2016
  • Member, Advisory Commission on Voluntary Foreign Aid (U.S. Agency for International Development), 2004-2007
  • Member, Stanford University Task Force on Student Mental Health and Well-Being, 2006-2008
  • Member, Faculty Advisory Committee, Haas Center for Public Service, 2007-
  • Member, Board of Directors, Hillel at Stanford, 2004-2010
  • Member, Council on Foreign Relations Independent Task Force on U.S. Policy Toward Reform in the Arab World, 2004-2005
  • Senior Advisor on Governance, Coalition Provisional Authority, Baghdad, 2004
  • Member, Faculty Steering Committee, Haas Center for Public Service, Stanford University, 2003-06  (and advisor to the Stanford-in-Government International Fellowships Program)
  • Consultant to U.S. Agency for International Development, 2001-2003
  • Member, Advisory Board, Freedom in the World Survey, Freedom House
  • Member, Executive Board, Society for Comparative Research, 1997-02
  • Member of the Editorial Board, Current History, 2000-
  • Member, Editorial Board, India Review, 2001-
  • Member, International Advisory Board, International Human Rights  
  • Consortium, Center On Rights Development, Denver University, 2001-6
  • Co-coordinator, Democratization Seminar, Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, 1994-2002
  • Co-coordinator, U.S. and World Affairs Seminar, Hoover Institution, 1990-2003
  • Co-director, Center for African Studies, Stanford, 1994, 1999-2000

Memberships

  • American Political Science Association
  • Association for Asian Studies
  • Conference Group on Taiwan Studies
  • Council on Foreign Relations
  • International Political Science Association